中華豪門—樹種貴族—檀香木

檀木,屬檀香科常綠喬木,主要生長在熱帶地區,其木質堅硬,香氣芬芳永恒,色彩絢麗多變且百毒不侵,萬古不朽,又能避邪,故又稱聖檀。原產印度、印尼、澳大利亞和非洲。它的木質切面多呈白色或淡黃色,有著香醇濃厚的氣味,是一種十分名貴的木材。

Sandalwood, belongs to the sandalwood family and is an evergreen tree. It mainly grows in tropical regions. Its wood is hard, its fragrance is eternal, its colors are colorful and ever-changing, and it is invincible…

檀木的分類主要為以下幾種:

沈檀:我們也常叫它沉檀,他有兩種香木:奇南香木和檀木,這兩種木料屬於比較有名的香料,當然有些也被用作傢具。沉檀主要產於印度,佛教用品中經常見到,密度稍高,入水即沉。

Shen Tan: We often call it Shen Tan. He has two types of fragrant wood: Qinan fragrant wood and sandalwood. These two types of wood are well-known spices, and of course, some are also used for furniture. Chentan is mainly produced in India and is commonly seen in Buddhist products…

黑檀木:能防百毒,泡水可治療多種毒。

Black sandalwood: It can prevent hundreds of toxins, and soaking in water can treat various toxins.

綠檀木:具有很高的收藏價值,制成各種綠檀制品、綠檀飾品、綠檀工藝品,在我國和國際上都具有收藏和裝飾的價值。

Green sandalwood: It has high collection value and is made into various green sandalwood products, green sandalwood jewelry, and green sandalwood handicrafts, which have collection and decoration value both domestically and internationally.

金檀木:養精強腎,扶正固本 金檀,產於喜馬拉雅山南麓的“眾神之國”的尼泊爾。

Golden sandalwood: It nourishes the essence and strengthens the kidneys, strengthens the body, and is produced in Nepal, the "Kingdom of Gods" at the southern foothills of the Himalayas.

金藥檀:色黃、味香、性溫,能提神、降火、去痛。金藥檀多分佈於亞洲印度境內。古時,因藥檀木多生長於印度境內,資源稀缺,成材率低,世界貿易流通不發達之時,曾價比黃金,且木色為金黃色,故國內稱之金藥檀。

Golden medicine sandalwood: yellow in color, fragrant in taste, warm in nature, capable of refreshing, reducing fire, and relieving pain. Golden medicine sandalwood is mostly distributed in Asia and India…

紫檀木:有一種養人的神奇功效,接觸久瞭,他們中一些人的黃牙齒都變得特別白,另外它主要還用作制造高級傢具及其它精巧器物。

Red sandalwood: It has a magical effect of nourishing people. After prolonged contact, some of their yellow teeth become particularly white. In addition, it is mainly used for making high-end furniture and other exquisite utensils.

黃檀:主產於我國各地,木質結構細密,多作為負重或者拉力型材料用品,木材多黃白色或者淡黃褐色,材色賞心悅目,果實還能榨油。

Huangtan: Mainly produced in various parts of China, with a fine and dense wooden structure, it is often used as a load-bearing or tensile material. The wood is mostly yellow white or light yellow brown, and the color is pleasing to the eye. The fruit can also be used for oil extraction.

紅檀:主產於非洲、印尼等地,材色多是紅褐色或者紫紅色,隨著時間的氧化,顏色會越發深邃。木質結構也較為細膩,在眾多檀木中部屬於較為平均的那種,紅檀在眾多檀木中屬於比較常見的存在,傢具、飾品、雕件等都很多。

Red sandalwood: Mainly produced in Africa, Indonesia, and other regions, the wood color is mostly reddish brown or purple red, and over time, the color will become more profound…Red sandalwood is a common occurrence among many sandalwood trees, and there are many furniture, accessories, carvings, etc.

檀香:檀香木如其名,有很濃鬱的香味,在佛教用品中最為常見,手感好,光澤度好,多呈黃褐色或者深褐色,經常用來制作珠串或者香料等,在木質用品中屬於性價比較高的存在。

Sandalwood: Sandalwood, as its name suggests, has a strong aroma and is most common in Buddhist products. It has a good hand feel, good glossiness, and is often yellow or dark brown in color. It is often used to make beads or spices, and is a cost-effective presence in wooden products.

我國臺灣、廣東也有引種栽培,它的花初開時黃色,後血紅色,木材奇香,常作為高級器具、鑲嵌、雕刻等用材。檀香也分為白檀、黃檀、等品類。

It is also introduced and cultivated in Taiwan and Guangdong, China. Its flowers are yellow when they first bloom, followed by blood red, and the wood is fragrant. It is often used as a high-end utensil, inlay, carving, and other materials. Sandalwood is also divided into categories such as white sandalwood, yellow sandalwood, and others.

檀香樹介紹:

檀香樹是一種半寄生常綠喬木,樹高可達10米以上,樹幹直徑15~22厘米。樹皮粗糙或有縱裂,呈褐色。樹枝圓柱狀,帶灰褐色,有條紋,多分枝。葉子對生,葉橢圓狀卵形。

Sandalwood tree is a semi parasitic evergreen tree, with a height of over 10 meters and a trunk diameter of 15-22 centimeters. The bark is rough or longitudinally split, appearing brown. The branches are cylindrical, grayish brown, striped, and multi branched.

圓錐花序腋生或頂生,最初為淡黃色,後變為深銹紫色。核果長1~1.2厘米,直徑約1厘米,外果皮肉質多汁,成熟時深紫紅色至紫黑色。花期5~6月,果期7~9月。

Panicles are axillary or terminal, initially light yellow, but later turn deep rust purple. The drupe is 1-1.2 cm long and approximately 1 cm in diameter. The outer skin is succulent and juicy, with a deep purple red to purple black color when ripe.

常綠喬木介紹:

常綠喬木是一種終年具有綠葉且株型較大的植物,這種喬木的葉壽命是兩三年或更長,並且每年都有新葉長出,在新葉長出的時候也有部分舊葉的脫落,由於是陸續更新,所以終年都能保持常綠,如酸角、白皮松、華山松、紅松等。

Evergreen trees are plants with large plant types and green leaves throughout the year. The leaf lifespan of these trees is two to three years or longer, and new leaves grow every year. When new leaves grow, some old leaves fall off.

這種喬木由於具有四季常青的特性,因此常被用來作為綠化的首選植物,由於它們常年保持綠色,其美化和觀賞價值更高。

This type of tree, due to its evergreen nature throughout the year, is often used as the preferred plant for greening. As they remain green all year round, they have higher beautification and ornamental value.

分佈范圍介紹:

高緯度、高海拔地區分佈的常綠喬木通常為針葉樹,比如各類松、杉、柏等。低緯度、低海拔地區除常綠針葉喬木外,還分佈著一些闊葉常綠喬木種類,比如榕樹、樟樹、桂樹、女貞、冬青、廣玉蘭、澳洲紅千層、丹桂散本、單瓣紅、高山榕等。

The evergreen trees distributed in high-latitude and high-altitude areas are usually coniferous trees, such as various types of pine, fir, cypress, etc. In addition to evergreen coniferous trees, there are also some broad-leaved evergreen tree species distributed in low latitude and low altitude areas…

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