英語詞匯 : 七個表示 “主要的”形容詞

英語詞匯

七個表示 “主要的”形容詞

嘉中

main、major、chief、primary、principal、prime、staple 這組形容詞都可表示“主要的”

的意思。

main 普通用詞,指在一系列事物中,其數量,功能、重要性都大於其他同類事物,通常隻用

作定語。

例句:

One of the main reasons I came to England was to study the language.

我到英格蘭的主要原因之一是學習語言。

You'll find the main points of my proposal in the report.

你們可以在這份報告中看到我計劃的要點。

The main problem is a lack of resources.

主要問題是缺少資金。

The main difficulty with the project is that the geological structure of the area is very

complicated.

這個項目的主要困難是這個地區的地質構造的非常復雜。

There are several reasons for this problem. One of the main reasons is that the number

of vehicles is increasing much more rapidly than building of roads.

關於這個問題,有很多原因。一個主要原因是車輛增加的數量遠快於道路的建設。

major 側重指與同類其他事物相比更重大、更突出。

例句:

Major crops in these provinces are wheat, peanuts, corn and soy beans.

這些省份主要的作物是小麥、板栗、玉米和大豆類。

All of her major plays have been translated into English.

她的主要劇本都被譯成瞭英文。

Our major planning items contain estimating of cost and construction schedule.

我們主要的計劃工作項目包括費用預算和施工進度.

This new program will make a major step forward in the spreading the Olympic ideals.

這項新計劃將在傳佈奧林匹克理想邁出重大的一步。

Hence, a major content of the reform is to constantly enhance the regulatory role of

the market in the economy.

因此,改革的一項主要內容是不斷增強市場對經濟的調節功能。

chief 用於人時,表示同類中職位最高,權力最大;用於物時,表示同類中最主要的,首要的。

例句:

Her husband was the chief beneficiary of her will.

她丈夫是她遺囑的主要受益人。

The chief problem we have in the area now is the spread of disease.

目前我們在這一地區面臨的首要問題是疾病的蔓延。

Financial stress is well established as a chief reason for divorce.

經濟壓力被確認是導致離婚的首要原因。

Industry and modesty are the chief factors of his success.

勤奮和謙虛是他成功的主要因素。

You must try to relax and not to worry – that's the chief thing.

你必須盡量放松,不要擔心 —— 這是最重要的。

primary 通常不用於人。用於物時,側重從重要性方面占主導位置,是首要的;主要的。

例句:

The sun is the primary body in our neighborhood.

太陽是我們的宇宙鄰居中的主要天體。

The Red Cross's primary concern is to preserve and protect human life.

紅十字會最關心的是維護人的生命安全。

The primary purpose of education is not to teach you to earn your bread, but to

make every mouthful sweeter.

教育的主要的目不是教你如何掙得面包,而是使每一口都更加香甜。

The money I earn is extra, my husband's job is our primary source of income.

我掙的錢是額外的,我丈夫的工作是我們的主要收入來源。

Although the issues you raise are important, they are not really our primary concern.

雖然您提出的問題很重要,但它們並不是我們真正關心的問題。

principal 用法與 primary相似,表示最重要的(first in order of importance)。

例句:

Today, Buddhism and Islam are the principal religions of the most parts of Asia.

今天,佛教和伊斯蘭教是亞洲大部分地區的主要宗教。

He was principal dancer at the Dance Theatre of Harlem.

他是哈萊姆舞劇院的頭牌舞蹈演員。

Indeed, stress is emerging as one of the principal contributors to poor health in

modern countries.

的確,壓力在現代化國傢中是造成健康不佳的主要原因。

The principal aim of this meeting is to reach a decision that we all agree on.

這次會議的主要目的是達成一項我們都同意的決定。

He can't give up teaching, it's his principal source of income.

他不能放棄教書,這是他主要的收入來源。

prime 表示“主要的”,強調是“最主要的(most important)用法與 primary 相似。

例句:

The quality of housing, considered the prime indicator of living conditions, leaves

much to be desired.

住房質量的被認為是居住條件主要的指標,仍有許多地方有待提高。

Our market analysis tells us our prime users will be between 40 to 60.

我們的市場分析告訴我們,我們產品主要的使用者年紀將在40至60歲。

The new government's prime task is to reduce the level of inflation.

新政府的主要任務是減低通貨膨脹的水平。

The model suggests five primary stages in the development and implementation of

a strategy.

該模型提出瞭制定和實施戰略的五個主要階段。

The prime difference between innovators and others is one of approach.

創新者與普通人的主要區別在於處理問題的方法不同。

staple 指主食、主要產品、某物的主要部分或主要活動等(a staple food, product, activity

etc is one that is basic, most important, or standard) 。也可用作名詞。

例如:

Potatoes are the staple of their diet.

土豆是他們的主要食品。

Wheat ia a staple crop for millions of people across the world.

小麥是全世界數百萬人的主食作物。

Retail prices of staple foods remain unchanged.

主要食物的零售價保持不變。

These garments are now becoming a staple product of the company.

這些服裝現在正成為該公司的主要產品。

Bananas and sugar are the staples of Jamaica.

香蕉和糖是牙買加的主要商品。

A huge staple in the Finns' diet is fish.

魚是芬蘭人飲食中很重要的一部分。

Greek legend was the staple of classical tragedy.

希臘傳說是古典悲劇的主要組成部分。

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